Battery Bays And Technicians | CPR Batteries

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  • GENERAL REQUIREMENTS:
  • CHARGING
  • CHARGING AND CHARGING STORAGE BATTERIES
GENERAL REQUIREMENTS:
  1. Batteries should be located in well ventilated rooms / battery bays.
  2. Ventilation should be provided to ensure diffusion of the gases from the battery.
  3. Floors should be of acid resistant construction or be protected from acid accumulations.
  4. PPE should be provided for workmen handling acids or batteries.
  5. Facilities for quick drenching of eyes and body should be provided within 6 meters of battery handling areas.
  6. Facilities shall be provided for flushing and neutralizing spilled electrolyte.
CHARGING
  1. Battery charging installation should be located in areas designated for that purpose.
  2. When charging batteries, the vent caps should be kept in place to avoid electrolyte spray. Care should be taken to ensure that vent caps are functioning.
  3. Ensure that the bonnet is kept open during charging.
CHARGING AND CHARGING STORAGE BATTERIES
  1. When racks are used for support of batteries, they should be made of materials non-conductive to spark generation or to be coated or covered to achieve this objective.
  2. A conveyer, overhead hoist or equivalent material handling equipment should be provided for handling batteries.
  3. Reinstalled batteries should be properly positioned and secure in the truck.
  4. Trucks should be properly positioned and brake applied before attempting to change or charge batteries.
  5. Smoking should be prohibited in the charging areas.
  6. Precautions should be taken to prevent open flames, sparks or electric arcs in battery charging areas.
  7. Tools and other metallic objects should be kept away from the top of uncovered batteries.


SAFETY PRECAUTIONS

Traction batteries are completely safe in the hands of trained personnel who follow the manufacturer’s recommendations carefully.

HANDLING

  • Keep batteries upright when lifting
  • Take care to ensure the lifting equipment does not short-circuit the cell terminals and connectors.
  • Ensure the battery is located in its correct position on the vehicle and secure any restraining devise.

ACID ELECTROLYTE

  • When working on batteries, always wear the appropriate protective clothing and goggles.
  • Handle batteries carefully and always keep them upright.
  • Top-up battery cells only to the correct level, as recommended by the manufacturer. Do not overfill.

The electrolyte in lead-acid batteries is corrosive and poisonous. It will cause burns or irritation id it comes in contact with the skin or eyes.




EMERGENCIES

If acid is spilled on the floor, neutralize as quickly as possible, using alkaline, such as soda ash. If acid is spilled on clothing, wash as soon as possible. If acid comes into contact with skin, wash off with plenty of clean water. If acid splashes into the eyes, immediately flood eye with copious quantities of main tap water, then immediately seek medical advice.




ELECTRICAL ENERGY

A battery can be short-circuited by simultaneously touching two or more of the cell terminals or intercell connectors with a metal tool or other object capable of conducting electricity. If this happens, the conductive objective will:

  1. Become hot and cause burns, and/or
  2. Eject molten metal and spark which could ignite any hydrogen present, resulting in an explosion.

PRECAUTIONS:

  • Before working on a battery, remove any metallic items from the hands, wrist and neck. Remove, also, anything which may fall from the pocket of clothing.
  • Always use insulated tools
  • Do not place tools or any other objects capable of conducting electricity on battery tops.
  • Always wear eye protection.
  • Always ensure that the charger is switched off before connecting or disconnecting the battery.




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